When abortion becomes a privilege

When New York legalized abortion in 1970, three years before the Supreme Court ruling Ron vs. Wade– A sensible entrepreneur named Martin Mitchell saw an opportunity. A 31-year-old man from Detroit rented a small private jet and began advertising frequent flights from Michigan, where selective abortion was illegal, to Niagara Falls, New York, where it did not exist. For $ 400, a woman received transportation, an abortion by a licensed doctor, and lunch at a clinic near the airport before arriving home the same day.

One of Mitchell’s clients, a 22-year-old secretary who has a steady job at the hospital, told reporters at the time that she was too scared of having an illegal abortion in Michigan that if she could not get to New York, she would have to continue her pregnancy. He was able to afford only the charter service, which, adjusting to inflation, would cost about $ 2,900 today, as his parents owed him that amount. He flew lightly before flying home. “Lord, I feel great, well, just wonderful,” he said.

It is no coincidence that this is the future we may soon face, when the possibility of abortion in the United States will largely depend on where you live and what financial resources you have. If: The draft declassified conclusion of the Supreme Court to turn Ron vs. Wade It is accepted that about half of the US states are expected to quickly ban or severely restrict abortion. Abortion is no longer a protected constitutional right, but will be like a privilege reserved for those who have the means to obtain such a right.

To be clear, this is already the experience of women who are a poor minority in many parts of the country. In much of the South-West, state lawmakers have spent decades passing abortion laws with the clear intention of suppressing entry. Patients in these states have to spend more money, take more time off work, and travel farther to reach an abortion clinic. Given that nearly half of all abortion patients in the United States live below the poverty line, with about a quarter having low incomes, these barriers have become insurmountable for some.

Calling abortion a privilege is incompatible with the feeling of going through it. For women who struggle to maintain the autonomy of the body, trying to avoid forced childbirth, it is considered a basic human need. But A. withPig world:Women who may or may not receive this type of health care are more likely to be severely segregated by race և class.

“Although abortion is a right everywhere, it is difficult for many people across the country to access it,” said David Cohen, a professor at Drexel University School of Law. “But it is a world that is different from the fact that it is illegal. If: Pig If it fails, it will drastically change the circumstances of the people in almost half of the states of the country. ” Some women will order online abortion pills, which could put them in a dubious legal position, while others will cross state borders for care if they can afford it, she predicted. “Travel is a privilege, the privilege in this country is for people with money, for people with white skin,” he said.

We already know the effect of pushing patients farther away to terminate a pregnancy. some of them just can not travel. After Texas passed HB 2 in 2013, the abortion restriction law, which was later overturned by the Supreme Court, the abortion rate fell sharply in areas where the distance to the nearest facility has increased by 100 miles or more.

This is exactly what is expected on a larger scale if: Pig is countered. According to Caitlin Knowles Myers, a professor of economics at Middlebury College, about 54 percent of U.S. women of childbearing age increase the distance to the nearest abortion provider. In areas where the nearest abortion provider is scheduled to close, the average distance will increase from 33 miles to 282 miles.

Myers estimates that about three-quarters of women seeking abortion in those areas will still have to pay for an abortion provider to cover the extra costs of longer trips, such as gas, hotel stays and childcare. But about a quarter of patients did not. In the next first yearPigHe estimates that 100,000 women who want to have an abortion will not be able to get to the clinic. Some would naturally have miscarriages, while others would seek abortion pills to terminate their pregnancies at home. According to her model, about 75,000 women will give birth against their will.

The main difference between women who will get an abortion provider and those who will not. Money “In general, you are looking at a situation where the poorest, most financially limited, most economically fragile women can not travel long distances to have an abortion,” Myers said. “It has always been the case that women who have the means will find a way to have an abortion. And that was right beforePig era. “

Abortion care has changed dramatically since the 1970s, when Mitchell’s private jet took women to Niagara Falls for a quick day trip. Today, abortion pills make up more than half of all abortions in the United States. Medical abortion, as the two-pill regimen is called, can be done. safe house. Of course, some women will fly to other states to get a legal abortion permit at a clinic, but a more common scenario is if: Pig otherwise it will probably involve a woman trying to get abortion pills by mail or in the neighboring state. Anti-abortion lawmakers already exist in some states try to suppress these ways.

“Who will try the district prosecutors and the police to arrest people and bring people to justice for such things?” said Lisa Fuentes, a senior fellow at the Gutmacher Institute, a research group that advocates for abortion rights. “People who are most likely to be prosecuted are people who are already systematically devalued, who are subject to systemic racism and discrimination.” Hispanic women have higher rates unplanned pregnancy և: abortion than their white counterparts.

This does not mean that privileged women have nothing to worry about. As Rebecca Traister argued strongly in the last essay, the abolition of abortion rights ultimately affects everyone. “The choices that people, even people with the means, are making to end pregnancies will require calculations that they have seldom had to make before. “On their behalf, but to limit or punish their choice,” he writes.

But the hard truth of the matter is that without PigMany poor women will not be able to have an abortion that they know is in their best interest. As a result, their lives will be irreversibly changed. The most common reason women want to have an abortion is that they are not financially ready to raise a child. And they are usually right.

What we know about what happens to a woman who wants to have an abortion but can’t do it is coming The Turnaway Study:A long-term study that began in 2008 found more than 1,000 women seeking abortion in the United States, led by Diana Green Foster, a professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences at the University of San Francisco. . to have abortions with women who have been refused an abortion to see how their lives have been affected over time.

Both groups were quite similar in terms of financial well-being before applying for an abortion, Green Foster told me. But four years later, women who were back from a wanted abortion had a greater opportunity to live in poverty compared to abortion recipients. Those who refused to have an abortion continued higher debtIncrease in the number of negative public financial records (for example, bankruptcies և evictions) ավելի greater likelihood of a credit score.

The financial consequences of rejecting a wanted abortion are only part of the picture. Women who were unable to terminate their pregnancies during the Green Foster study also reported worse health, were more likely to be associated with an abusive partner, and raised children in less stable conditions than women who had abortions. Rejecting abortion “changed key aspects of their lives, such as their ability to care for their existing children, their ability to have wanted children in the future, the quality of their relationships, and the implementation of aspirational programs,” said Green Foster.

And for two women, it killed them. Two Turnaway Study women who refused to have an abortion died shortly after giving birth. “Pregnancy is” very risky, it’s a risk we are willing to take when we want to have a baby, “said Green Foster.

Without: Pigmany women will not be given a choice.

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